Health and Wellness: AIHEC Native American Research Center for Health (NARCH)

Second Annual AIHEC Behavioral Health Institute


Historical Trauma Clinical Intervention Research and Practice

Understanding the experiences of a community is important in beginning the healing process. Genocide, imprisonment, forced assimilation, and misguided governance has resulted in loss of culture and identity to varying degrees, alcoholism, poverty, and other psychosocial issues. The Historical Trauma and Unresolved Grief Intervention (HTUG), a Tribal Best Practice, offers a healing model within the context of cultural strength and resilience. HTUG theory and practice resonate across tribal communities in the United States and Canada. Through acknowledging our collective past as Native Peoples, both our suffering and our strength, we return to the sacred path.

Purpose and Structure of the Institute

The goal of this Institute is to weave together the theory and practice of Historical Trauma and CBPR through presentations, discussion with community-academic partners, small group breakouts, interactive activities, reflections on readings, and reflection on one’s own research experience. Participants will gain an appreciation of the impact of historical trauma and CBPR strengths and challenges, as well as learn hands-on skills necessary for participating effectively in CBPR projects. There will also be an effort to identify resources that could support research endeavors and dissemination sources. Both academic discussions and experiential exercises will reflect a commitment to co-teaching and co-learning.


  1. Wellness Mapping. This presentation gives examples of community engaged wellness mapping. A brief description of the approach and methods of RARE and some examples of structure and practice. The presentation was prepared by Dr. Lisa Hardy and presented by Mr. Brent McKenzie of NAU.
  2. The CAIR Project by Dr. Sanderson. Dr. Sanderson presents the mission and goals of the CAIR Project established at NAU. This is an example of an asset-based approach to work with American Indian communities to promote wellness.
  3. SREP 2015 by Dr. Bauer. Dr. Bauer of Dine College presents an overview of the Teaching and Fostering Resilience as part of the Research Enhancement Program. This is a collaborative effort between Dine College and Northern Arizona University's CAIR Project.
  4. Redirect by Dr. Tim Wilson. This presentation illustrates how to redirect the stories that we tell about ourselves and the world around us. Dr. Wilson explains how we can make lasting changes through the use of subtle prompts.
  5. Indigenous Paths to Resilence by Darold Joseph. Mr. Darold Joseph, member of the NAU CAIR Team, presents the pathways to resilience from a Native perspective. He includes protective factors, risk factors, and ways of working with communities and individuals.
  6. Intergenerational Resilience by Agnes Attakai. The Intergenerational Resilience curriculum is presented by Ms. Agnes Attakai, CAIR staff member.
  7. AIHEC Presentation Elder Resilience by C Kahn. Ms. Kahn presents her research finding on elder resilience in American Indian people.
  8. American Indian Research Issues by Deborah His Horse is Thunder. Dr. His Horse is Thunder presents an overview of research issues impacting American Indian people and the need to have Native people a part of the research effort. The importance American Indian Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to protect human subjects specifically in Indian country is also stated.
  9. AIHEC AIAN Protective Factors by Michele Henson. Ms. Henson provides a review of the literature with regard to protective factors in American Indian and Alaska Native populations.
  10. AIHEC Measuring Resilence by Michele Henson. Definition of resilience and a description of measuring this concept is provided by Ms. Henson.
  11. Fundamentals of Qualitative Research by Dr. LaFrance. Dr. Joan LaFrance presents an overview of basic qualitative research methods.
  12. CBPR and Quantitative Methods by Dr. Lubbers. Dr. Lubbers provides a description of community based participatory research and the use of quantitative statistics.
  13. The Science of Positive Community Norms by Dr. Linkenbach. Dr. Linkenbach presents the Science of Positive Community Norms which is an asset based model as compared to a deficit model of working with communities.